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Qi2: The New Qi Wireless Charging Standard Making MagSafe Available to Everyone


A mobile phone showing Qi2 and charging status





The Wireless Power Consortium (WPC) has recently (2023) introduced the Qi2 standard, a new milestone in the evolution of wireless charging. Qi2 incorporates magnetic alignment, a feature previously exclusive to Apple's MagSafe technology, making it accessible to a wider range of devices and manufacturers. This development marks a significant step towards standardization and interoperability in the wireless charging industry.


Qi2 Wireless Charging Standard Logo

Key Features of Qi2 Wireless Charging Standard

Qi2 offers several key features that enhance the wireless charging experience:


1. Magnetic Power Profile (MPP): Based on Apple's MagSafe technology, the MPP ensures precise alignment between the device and the charging pad, leading to more efficient and reliable charging.


2. Faster Charging Speeds: With the ability to charge at up to 15W, Qi2 offers a significant improvement in charging speed compared to the original Qi standard


3. Extended Power Profile (EPP): An enhancement to the existing Qi standard, the EPP enables faster charging speeds without the need for magnetic alignment.


4. Backward Compatibility: Qi2 chargers will be compatible with devices using the original Qi standard, ensuring a smooth transition for users.



Comparison of Wireless Charging Technologies

To understand the significance of Qi2, let's compare it with other wireless charging technologies:


1. Inductive Charging (WPC Qi):

Inductive charging, the foundation of the Qi standard, uses an electromagnetic field created between two coils to transfer power. It requires precise alignment and has a shorter charging distance (from a few millimeters up to 4 cm). Qi has been widely adopted by smartphone manufacturers and accessory makers.


2. Magnetic Resonance Charging (AirFuel Rezence):

AirFuel Rezence uses magnetic resonance technology, which allows for more flexibility in device positioning and can transfer power over slightly longer distances (up to 5cm) compared to inductive charging. However, Rezence has not seen the same level of adoption as Qi. Something worth noting is that resonance charging is the technology that the EV charging solution company WiTricity uses.


3. Radio Frequency Charging (AirFuel RF):

AirFuel RF is a wireless charging technology that uses radio frequencies to transfer power over larger distances. While still in development, AirFuel RF has the potential to enable more innovative applications in various industries, such as healthcare, automotive, and IoT.


Qi2 and MagSafe

It's important to note that Qi2's Magnetic Power Profile (MPP) is not just similar to Apple's MagSafe; it is based on the same technology. Apple contributed MagSafe to the WPC for inclusion in the Qi2 standard, making it available to a broader range of device manufacturers. This move promotes standardization and encourages the development of a more extensive ecosystem of Qi2-compatible accessories.


Future Outlook: A World Powered by Seamless Wireless Charging


As we look towards the future of wireless charging, it's clear that the introduction of the Qi2 standard is a significant step forward in the evolution of this technology. By incorporating magnetic alignment and making the benefits of Apple's MagSafe technology available to a wider range of devices and manufacturers, Qi2 aims to enhance the user experience and promote greater interoperability within the wireless charging ecosystem.


Let's dream big and bold: Imagine a future where users no longer need to worry about their devices' battery life or the hassle of plugging in to charge. A world where the limitations of battery capacity, material, and charging speed are no longer a concern for the end-user. In this future, devices will seamlessly and continuously charge while in use, with the power transfer handled quietly and brilliantly by advanced wireless charging technology.



 

Appendix:

  • Qi: The most widely adopted wireless charging standard, developed by the Wireless Power Consortium (WPC), primarily using inductive charging technology.

  • Magnetic Power Profile (MPP): A feature of the Qi2 standard, based on Apple's MagSafe technology, which ensures precise alignment between the device and the charging pad for more efficient charging.

  • Extended Power Profile (EPP): An enhancement to the existing Qi standard, included in Qi2, which enables faster charging speeds without the need for magnetic alignment.

  • AirFuel Rezence: A wireless charging standard developed by the AirFuel Alliance, using magnetic resonance technology to enable more flexible device positioning and slightly longer charging distances compared to Qi.

  • AirFuel RF: A wireless charging technology that uses radio frequencies to transfer power over larger distances, potentially enabling more innovative applications in various industries.

  • Wireless Power Consortium (WPC): An industry group that develops and promotes the adoption of the Qi wireless charging standard, including the latest Qi2 standard.

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